Glombiewski JA, Sawyer AT, Gutermann J, Koenig K, Rief W, Hofmann SG, “Psychological treatments for fibromyalgia: a meta-analysis” Pain2010 Nov;151(2):280-95; Comment in: Pain. 2010 Nov;151(2):245-6.
The aims of the present analysis were to investigate the short- and long-term efficacies and treatment moderators of psychological interventions for fibromyalgia. A literature search using PubMed, PsychINFO, the Cochrane Library, and manual searches identified 23 eligible studies including 30 psychological treatment conditions and 1396 patients. Meta-analytic integration resulted in a significant but small effect size for short-term pain reduction (Hedges's g=0.37, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.27-0.48) and a small-to-medium effect size for long-term pain reduction over an average follow-up phase of 7.4 months (Hedges's g=0.47, 95% CI: 0.3-0.65) for any psychological intervention. Psychological treatments also proved effective in reducing sleep problems (Hedges's g=0.46, 95% CI: 0.28-0.64), depression (Hedges's g=0.33, 95% CI: 0.20-0.45), functional status (Hedges's g=0.42, 95% CI: 0.25-0.58), and catastrophizing (Hedges's g=0.33, 95% CI: 0.17-0.49). These effects remained stable at follow-up. Moderator analyses revealed cognitive-behavioral treatment to be significantly better than other psychological treatments in short-term pain reduction (Hedges's g=0.60, 95% CI: 0.46-0.76). Higher treatment dose was associated with better outcome. Publication-bias analyses demonstrated that the effect sizes were robust. The results suggest that the effects of psychological treatments for fibromyalgia are relatively small but robust and comparable to those reported for other pain and drug treatments used for this disorder. Cognitive-behavioral therapy was associated with the greatest effect sizes. PMID: 20727679 [PubMed - in process]
Masheb, R. M., Kerns, R. D., Lozano, C., Minkin, M. J., & Richman, S. (2009). A randomized clinical trial for women with vulvodynia: Cognitive-behavioral therapy vs. supportive psychotherapy. Pain , Vol 141(1-2), 31-40.
Robin M. Masheb, Yale University School of Medicine, P.O. Box 208098, New Haven, CT, US, 06520-8098, email@example.com.
Many treatments used for women with vulvodynia are based solely upon expert opinion. This randomized trial aimed to test the relative efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and supportive psychotherapy (SPT) in women with vulvodynia. Of the 50 participants, 42 (84%) completed 10-week treatments and 47 (94%) completed one-year follow-up assessments. Mixed effects modeling was used to make use of all available data. Participants had statistically significant decreases in pain severity (p’s < 0.001) with 42% of the overall sample achieving clinical improvement. CBT, relative to SPT, resulted in significantly greater improvement in pain severity during physician examination (p = 0.014), and greater improvement in sexual function (p = 0.034), from pre- to post-treatment. Treatment effects were well maintained at one-year follow-up in both groups. Participants in the CBT condition reported significantly greater treatment improvement, satisfaction and credibility than participants in the SPT condition (p’s < 0.05). Findings from the present study suggest that psychosocial treatments for vulvodynia are effective. CBT, a directed treatment approach that involves learning and practice of specific pain-relevant coping and self-management skills, yielded better outcomes and greater patient satisfaction than a less directive approach. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved).
Robb, K. A., Williams, J. E., Duvivier, V., & Newham, Di. J. A. (2006). Pain management program for chronic cancer-treatment-related pain: A preliminary study. Journal of Pain, 7, 82-90.
Karen A. Robb, Academic Department of Physiotherapy, School of Biomedical Sciences, King's College London, Room 3.5, Shepherds House, Guys Campus, London, United Kingdom, SE1 1UK, firstname.lastname@example.org.
A large proportion of patients may develop chronic pain following cancer treatments such as surgery, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy. These patients can experience significant levels of physical and psychological morbidity. Our aim was to investigate a cognitive-behavioral pain management program (PMP) for cancer patients with chronic treatment-related pain. Thirteen patients (1 man, 12 women; mean age 52 yrs) completed the study, 9 of whom had a history of breast cancer and had received extensive medical treatment, including surgery. A combination of physical and psychological techniques were adapted from previous work in chronic benign pain and implemented by two therapists. Interventions included education, relaxation, exercise training, and goal setting. A variety of outcomes were examined to assess general fitness, psychological distress, coping success, activities of daily living, and pain report. The median number of interventions by each therapist was 10 (4 to 15). Postintervention, there was a significant trend toward improvement in many variables, including anxiety and depression (P<.01), fitness (walking: P<.05), and coping with pain (P<.01). This was a feasibility study and has several limitations. It appears, however, that all patients had a positive outcome. Further research is now required to assess the effectiveness of this approach. Perspective: Results of this preliminary study are clinically relevant, as they suggest that a pain management program that uses cognitive-behavioral principles is worthy of further investigation for patients with chronic cancer-treatment-related pain. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).